Device Gathers and Wirelessly Transmits Data in Real Time to Assess Clenching and Grinding of Teeth
This smart mouth guard helps diagnose, quantify and manage bruxism, the excessive grinding of teeth and/or clenching of the jaw. Because bruxism involves damaging movements of the mandible that are outside normal function, it is considered an oral parafunctional activity. It can occur while awake or asleep and affects between five and 20 percent of Americans, 80 percent of whom are unaware that they grind their teeth. Bruxism often goes undiagnosed until major damage occurs. Symptoms of bruxism include tooth wear, tooth hypersensitivity, headache, Temporomandibular disorder (TMD), and tenderness, pain or fatigue of oral muscles. Polysomnography (a type of sleep study) is the gold standard for assessing and diagnosing bruxism, but it is expensive and time-consuming. Researchers at the University of Florida have developed a wireless mouth guard that collects bruxism data tooth-by-tooth, including frequency, damage and force. The device can also prevent damage by emitting a mild electrical pulse or activating a drug delivery system at the sign of bruxing, allowing further customization.
A smart, wireless mouth guard for the diagnosis, quantification and management of bruxism.
• Acquires detailed information about the oral environment, facilitating the diagnosis and treatment of bruxism
• Wirelessly transmits data to a computer or mobile device, enhancing convenience and patient comfort
• Gathers data in real-time, ensuring early diagnosis and interventions to preserve oral health
• Features a flexible electronics design and the ability to deliver mild electrical pulses or drugs, enhancing versatility
University of Florida researchers have developed a comprehensive smart mouth guard that aids the identification, quantification and management of bruxism. The mouth guard is equipped with high precision pressure sensors, a microprocessor and a wireless transceiver. The pressure sensors are able to detect teeth clenching and grinding, while measuring and quantifying the grinding force in real-time. The mouth guard is also able to monitor other conditions in the oral environment, including pH, and temperature, glucose, and other health biomarkers. This information is transmitted wirelessly to a mobile device or PC for review by a healthcare professional. The electronic components are based on a flexible design. The real-time monitoring and data acquisition software could also allow patients to self-diagnose bruxism and/or monitor the condition at home.
Quantifies and Monitors Bruxism (Grinding of Teeth) and Wirelessly Transmits Data
This smart mouth guard is a wireless and battery-free bruxism monitoring system capable of diagnosing and quantifying bruxism. Bruxism is a condition in which a person grinds or clenches their teeth. It affects about 10 percent of adults and about 15 percent of children in the United States, with many
unaware of their condition. Undiagnosed bruxism can lead to damage to the teeth and jaw, tension headaches, facial pain, and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Available bruxism monitoring systems require wires and restrict the wearer from free movement as well as make the device susceptible to noise,
tending to make measured data inaccurate. Further, available wireless monitoring systems suffer from inaccuracies based on limited battery capacity, changes in position of the sensor or the wearer’s posture and skin resistance. Researchers at the University of Florida have developed a compact, wireless, and
battery-free bruxism monitoring system that uses a split ring resonator integrated in a mouth guard for bruxism management. The bruxism monitoring system is capable of accurately recording the applied weight or force placed on the teeth during an episode of bruxism while remaining comfortable for the
Wireless, battery-free smart mouth guard for diagnosing and evaluating bruxism.
• Operates without batteries, making the mouth guard less bulky and safer
• Built on a flexible substrate, conforming to different curvatures in the mouth and ensuring comfort for patients
• Transmits data wirelessly, enhancing convenience and data accuracy
This compact, wireless, and battery-free smart mouth guard identifies and quantifies bruxism. The mouth guard comprises piezoelectric film and a split ring resonator, wirelessly transmitting data to a receiving antenna and a frequency response measurement instrument outside of the body. During an episode of bruxism, the wearer bites down on the piezoelectric film, which is coated with silicone to minimize background noise and maximize flexibility, and the pressure is converted to an electric current.. The current influences the split ring resonator, which is a metamaterial unit cell that minimizes
size. The frequency is detected wirelessly by external frequency sweeping equipment, and the intensity of the detected frequency is unique to specific loads placed on the teeth. The mouth guard does not require any battery because it utilizes a self-powering mechanism based on the piezoelectric sensors.
We’ve come to believe bruxism is not a condition you have to live with. Having had the condition ourselves, we’re very familiar with its effects. In fact, every member of our team has dealt with the condition and its effects on a personal level, be they structural damage of teeth, loss of sleep, or the symptoms that plagues patients the next day. That’s why we’re working very hard to bring you the most comfortable biofeedback device, the first of its kind, next gen mouth guard to incorporate the benefits of a traditional custom mouth guard, and a biofeedback device for patients to permanently mitigate the condition.